Suka Kollus
Raised platforms for agriculture surrouded by water channels

The typical guidebook to Bolivia describes the Altilano as a cold and unhospitable place unsuitable for agriculture, but Google Earth imagery shows a large variety of agricultural systems covering the whole of the Altiplano from the regions bordering Lake Titicaca down to Lake Poopo south of Oruro.

One of the ancient systems of agriculture was called "Suka Kollus". Raised platforms were created and surrounded by water channels. The water collected heat in the day time and gave it off on the night time thus raising th elocal temperature. The water channels were dredged regularly and the mud spread upon the platform increasing the nutrients. The yield was considerably more than that of the agricultural methods introduced by the Spanish after the Conquest.

Many of the Suka Kollus lay abandoned for centuries as people were also taken off the land, collected into artificial villages or sent down the mines but experiments in modern times showed how productive the ancient systems had been.

suka kollus
Above, an example of the "suka kollus", raised fields surrounded by water channels.

sukakollus
Above, suka kollus. Where some of the old sukka kollus were revived by prof Alan Kolata and Oswaldo Rivera, production of crops was greatly increased due to the influence of the water channels raising the local temperature also preventing destruction by frost.


sukakollus near Tiwanaku
Above, an example of the "sukakollus", irregular raised fields surrounded by water channels, now disused.

suka kollus north of lake Titicaca
Above, suka kollus in region just north of Lake Titicaca.

sukakollus illustration construction suka kollus illustration
Above, suka kollus illustrations of construction and use

sukakollus illustration construction suka kollus illustration
Above, suka kollus illustrations of construction and use

sukakollus oblique view suka kollus oblique view
Above, suka kollus oblique views

suka kollus peru
Above, suka kollus in Peru

circular suka kollus peru
Above, circular suka kollus in Peru

circular suka kollus peru
Above, circular suka kollus in Peru

circular suka kollus peru
Above, circular suka kollus in Peru, the Atlantis circular pattern is obvious

Atlantis peru
Above, circular suka kollus in Peru, remminiscent of the Atlantis circles

suka kollus Atlantis Peru
Above, circular suka kollus in Peru, remminiscent of the Atlantis circles

circular suka kollus Atlantis peru
Above, circular suka kollus in Peru, remminiscent of the Atlantis circles

atlantis city design illustration
Above, since all of the Altiplano constitutes the site of the original Atlantis,
should it be surprising to find suka kollus in concentric rings reminiscent of the ancient culture?

   See also additional studies,
   geoforms - geoglyphs and other agricultural landforms
   agricultural variations on the Altiplano    ringed hilltops   earthquakes
   contour forms/irrigation Peru   contourforms/irigation Bolivia    Bombo earthquake route    Bombo route oblique views

   atlantis canals on the Altiplano    canals gallery   Chipaya canals gallery   canals in Peru   Caral, Peru containment canal
   Paria, Oruro containment canals   canal to sea (lago UruUru)    Tabasco, Mexico canals gallery   Pantanal
   Beni, Moxos gallery    rio Paraguay levees canals    rio Parana canals, ponds and islands    rio Parana delta canals   Corrientes
   rio Amazon to Manaus   rio Amazon west from Manaus   rio Orinocco to Amazon canal
   flooding dates on the Altiplano   Atlantis stones gallery

   Atlantis stade - Egyptian and Sumerian cubits   Tiwanaku cubits    Peru cubits and calendar    cubits between altiplano canals
   Teotihuacan measuring unit    Teotihuacan citadel measuring units
   Chichen Itza and El Castillo measuring units    Monte Alban, measuring units
   the Tiwanaku soli-lunar calendar    the Muisca calendar     Lost Calendar of the Andes     Decoding the quipu mathematics

   J.M.Allen 2017
   webatlantis@hotmail.com

sailing to the lost city of atlantis
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