Pampa Aullagas
Legend of Atlantis

Incas welcome to Atlantis Pampa Aullagas
"Welcome to Atlantis!"

contemporary illustration of atlantis
as featured in the documentary by Discovery Channel
"Atlantis in the Andes"

Plan of Atlantis city
plan of Atlantis according to Plato.

Plan that is, of Atlantis before it was sunk by earthquakes.
Plato: "there occurred portentous earthquakes and floods,"
"the island of Atlantis in like manner was swallowed up by the sea and vanished; wherefore also the ocean (sea) at that spot has now become impassable and unsearchable, being blocked up by the shoal mud which the island created as it settled down." Note that the whole volcano at Pampa Aullagas, in addition to being destroyed by earthquakes is covered in sand, the "shoal mud" which the "island threw up". It is usual in earthquakes, where there is an underlying water table, for the solid ground to jurn to a jelly-like substance due to a process called "liquefaction" where heavy objects such as stones disappear beneath the ground, and mud or sand is ejected into the air, later covering everything in a layer of mud or sand.

So what would Atlantis look like after being sunk by earthquakes, and what is the force of an earthquake?

energy release power of earthquakes
A magnitude 5.0 earthquake is about 200 tons of TNT, magnitude 6.0 is 6,270 tons, 7.0 is 199,000 tons, 8.0 is 6,270,000 tons, and 9.0 is 99,000,000 tons of TNT. As you can imagine, 99 million tons of TNT is enough to destroy just about anything, and is the equivalent of about 25,000 nuclear bombs. (This is according to the Center for Earthquake Research and Information and the U.S. Geological Survey.)

Someone making a comment on a Youtube film of Pampa Aullagas shot by Brien Foerester made a comment that ...
"wow, that site looks like it has been nuked".

Correct, most volcanoes occur on fault lines and are likely to be the epicentre of any earthquakes in the area. A volcano hit by an earthquakes is quite likely to look afterwards "as if it had been nuked". What it would not look like is a fully intact Greek-style city from the time of Plato, sitting calmly on the bottom of the Ocean floor as shown in so many comtemporary illustrations.

atlantipedia comment
According to Atlantipaedia, all that exists at Pampa Aullagas volcano is "a pile of builder's rubble."


In that respect he is right - that is what it is meant to look like after being sunk by earthquakes....

At Pampa Aullagas about 65% of the volcano is missing. Most of the southern side. The eastern side looks like it was pushed up there from the south-east quarter. The west side has broken away and moved outwards from the main volcano. The middle and inner rings on the west side look like they have risen in elevation. And most of the outer face of the volcano has broken away, fallen off the edge of the volcano and disappeared beneath the ground. How do we kow that? Because on the south eastern side there is a thin line of original stone clinging to the face of the volcano, and this stone is covered in fossiled coral from the time when this part of the volcano was submerged by the great paleolithic lakes which once covered the region.

Under those circumstances, is it possible to make any sense of what remains on site to relate to Plato's story?

A continent the size of Libya and Asia combined... yes
A smooth, level rectangular plain in the centre of the continent ... yes
A volcano low on all side in the centre of the plain and 50 stades from the sea ... yes
Concentric rings carved by nature (i.e. the god Poseidon) out of the centre of the mountain "low on all sides" ... yes

Lost Atlantis poster
Pampa Aullagas still has the remains of concentric rings of land and depressions which
would have held water when the nearby lake or inland sea had a higher level.

Poseidon.... " to make the hill whereon she (Cleito) dwelt impregnable he broke it off all round about; and he made circular belts of sea and land enclosing one another alternately, some greater, some smaller, two being of land and three of sea, which he carved as it were out of the midst of the island; and these belts were at even distances on all sides, so as to be impassable for man;"

Atlantis reconstruction Pampa Aullagas
reconstruction of land and water circles at Pampa Aullagas.

contemporary illustration of atlantis
contemporary illustration of Atlantis

contemporary illustration of atlantis
contemporary illustration of Atlantis

inside one of the circular Atlantic canals at Pampa Aullagas
one of the circular channels

tourists visit circular atlantis canal at Pampa Aullagas
tourists visit one of the circular channels

outer Atlantis channel at Pampa Aullagas
satellite image of outer channel on south-east side.

Plato: "The greatest of the circles into which a boring was made for the sea was three stades in breadth, and the circle of land next to it was of equal breadth; and of the second pair of circles that of water was two stades in breadth and that of dry land equal again to the preceding one of water; and the circle which ran round the central island itself was of a stade's breadth."

outer Atlantis channel at Pampa Aullagas
close-up satellite image of outer channel on south-east side.

Atlantis channel at Pampa Aullagas
view of one of the circular channels at Pampa Aullagas

Atlantis canal at Pampa Aullagas
climbing into the circular channels, south side.

middle Atlantis channel at Pampa Aullagas
middle channel south east side.

outer Atlantis channel
satellite image showing remains of outer channel on the north-east side.

Plato: "beginning at the sea, they bored a channel right through to the outermost circle, which was three plethra in breadth, one hundred feet in depth, and fifty stades in length; and thus they made the entrance to it from the sea like that to a harbor by opening out a mouth large enough for the greatest ships to sail through". (Bury)
"They began by digging a canal three hundred feet wide, a hundred feet deep and fifty stades long from the sea to the outermost ring," - Sir Desmond Lee.

3 plethra Atlantis channel
Satellite image showing remains of the canal to the sea, 3 x "plethra" wide i.e. "they bored a channel right through the outermost circle".

3 plethra Pampa Aullagas channel
Ground view showing remains of opening "dug through the outermost circle" into the volcanic rings, 3 x "plethra" wide.

outer channel north Atlantis
satellite image showing remains of the outer channel on north side, choked up with sand.

satellite photo middle ring Atlantis
oblique satellite image showing the middle circular channel on the north-western side

inner Atlantis canal Pampa Aullagas
view of the middle circular channel on the north-western side

outer atlantis canal Pampa Aullagas
view of the outer channel on west side.

outer atlantis canal Pampa Aullagas
the channel continues to the right then disappears into thin air...

Atlantis Pampa Aullagas connecting channel
this passageway connects the outer channel to the middle channel on west side.
Plato: "Moreover, through the circles of land, [115e] which divided those of sea, over against the bridges they opened out a channel leading from circle to circle".

Atlantis connecting channel
satellite image showing the passageway connecting the outer channel to the middle channel on west side.

Atlantis connecting channel
Satellite image showing a passageway or channel which connected the outer circle of water to the middle circle of water on west side.
The outer embankment at this point has broken away from the main volcano and been pushed outwards.
Part of the embankment which contained the outer ring has been sunk by earhquakes.
The middle and inner rings on this side have risen in elevation.

looking for cut stones at Atlantis Pampa Aullagas
general view.

Atlantis Pampa Aullagas view
general view of inner ring looking towards the lake.

Atlantis Pampa Aullagas inner ring
general view of inner ring looking towards Quillacas.

Atlantis Pampa Aullagas looking towards lake Poopo
general view looking towards Lake Poopo.

view from Atlantis Pampa Aullagas towards Lake Poopo
View from the summit looking towards lake Poopo.

Pampa Aullagas view towards Lake Poopo
panorama towards lake Poopo.

Atlantis Pampa Aullagas acropolis
general view of the acropolis

summit of Atlantis Pampa Aullagas
view of summit.
This is the northern rim of the volcano and shelters the platform on top of the volcano from the north: the platform is a gentle slope facing south.

summit of Atlantis Pampa Aullagas
view of level platform in centre of summit cone or acropolis.

summit of Atlantis
view of level platform in centre of summit cone or acropolis.

ascending path Atlantis Pampa Aullagas
looking back down the ascending path.

Atlantis location map Pampa Aullagas
Location of Pampa Aullagas to the south of Lake Poopo

Oruro plan
plan of city of Oruro

Atlantis canals grid Pampa Aullagas
One of the main features of Atlantis was a smooth level rectangular shaped plain with the island city at its centre next to the sea.
The rectangular-shaped Altiplano conforms very well to this description and has the mountain at Pampa Aullagas at its centre.

Atlantis city Atlantis city boat
some popular concepts of Atlantis with its central island surround by rings of land and water.

The Bolivian legend of a missing city sunk by earthquakes and floods is called The Legend of the Desaguadero. The locals report that part of the original site was destroyed in "el gran diluvio" - the Great Flood. The lake was also formerly called Lake Aullagas.

Pampa Aullagas is also said to be home of the water god Tunapa - the equivalent of the Greek god Poseidon and according to Bolivian legend Tunapa married a local girl and subsequently created the ringed formation at Pampa Aullagas - surely the origins of Plato's Atlantis story of Poseidon marrying Cleito and "breaking the hill off all round about......"

Pampa Aullagas Atlantis water level
The mountain is surrounded by a band of stones covered in white, fossilised lake deposits which show the original level of the lake at a much higher level than today, the surrounding plain has also dropped in elevation.

Pampa Aullagas springs
Hot and cold springs also exist nearby.
Click for video

Atlantis white stone Pampa Aullagas Atlantis black stone Pampa Aullagas

Atlantis red stone Pampa Aullagas
White, black and red stones were a feature of Atlantis and are to be found at Pampa Aullagas.

sandy bay at tlantis Pampa Aullagas
beautiful sandy bay at Pampa Aullagas, if only the sea would come back!

Pampa Aullagas cactus
flowering cactus in Pampa Aullagas

Pampa Aullagas tourist map
tourist map of Pampa Aullagas

The present village of Pampa aullagas was founded on the 3rd of May 1573 with the name of "Villa Real de Aullagas de Uruquillas" by Pedro de Zarate, amongst others.

Pampa Aullagas
Victor Villca of Pampa Aullagas welcomes tourists

Pampa Aullagas
celebrating New year, 21st JUNE at Pampa Aullagas, year 5516 of the Aymara calendar, year 2008 of the western calendar

Pampa Aullagas fiesta
fiesta in Pampa Aullagas

Pampa Aullagas plaza principal
plaza principal in Pampa Aullagas

Pampa Aullagas Atlantis solstice Aymara new year
New year, 21st June, the winter solstice at Pampa Aullagas, year 5516 of the Aymara calendar

Pampa Aullagas the band
a welcome from the band

Pampa Aullagas music
a little light music

Pampa Aullagas Atlantis oblique satellite view
Oblique view of Pampa Aullagas in the dry season with Lake Poopo beyond Click for more oblique views

Pampa Aullagas Atlantis oblique satellite view
Oblique view of Pampa Aullagas showing the concentric rings on the north-west side Click for more oblique views

Atlantis Pampa Aullagas rio Marquez
view of Atlantis Pampa Aullagas from the rio Marquez

Atlantis location map

Atlantis Pampa Aullagas hotel front
front view of hotel at Pampa Aullagas

Atlantis Pampa Aullagas hotel complex
hotel complex at Pampa Aullagas

Atlantis Pampa Aullagas hotel unit
one of the hotel units at Pampa Aullagas
each unit has two rooms

Pampa Aullagas hotel room
one of the hotel rooms at Pampa Aullagas, each room has private bathroom.

for advice or to organise your visit and stay at Pampa Aullagas, please contact Eduardo Montaņo of Showroom Atlantis Bolivia
La Paz: Edif. 16 de Julio PB. Loc 6 (Prado)
Tels. (591) 2- 2315153 / 2310463 / Cel. 73064446
email atlantisbolivia@hotmail.com

volcan tunupa and the salars
Click for gallery of photos around Pampa Aullagas,
volcan Tunupa and the salars
Click for atlantisbolivia.org homepage

Pampa Aullagas page by Jim Allen, author "Atlantis: the Andes Solution", "The Atlantis Trail", "Atlantis: Lost Kingdom of the Andes".
webatlantis@hotmail.com

Pampa Aullagas Atlantis satellite view
more views of Pampa Aullagas in part 2

sailing to Atlantis
sailing to Atlantis, Pampa Aullagas in the wet season
wwww.atlantisbolivia.org
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