The bulls of Atlantis - bulls or llamas?

bull leap
bull leap fresco from Crete

It is very popular amongst present day archaeologists and historians to either totally deny the existence of any place that might correspond to the location of Atlantis as described by Plato, or to vaguely state that Plato's tale might loosely have been based upon Thera/Santorini and Crete. But the island of Thera bears little reseblance to the actual description Plato gave, especially when we consider that Plato said that Atlantis was in the Atlantic Ocean, opposite the Pillars of Herculas and was a large as Libya and Asia combined. in other words, his Atlantis is based upon a description of America

It is very easy to be thrown off the scent in this regard, because Plato mentioned things which at face value do not appear to belong to America, such as the sacrifice of bulls which he said took place every 5 and ever 6 years alternately.

But we should also remember Plato's statement that the original sense of each word was recovered by Solon from the Egyptians and it was given a suitable name in Greek which would thereby make the tale more acceptabe to his readers.

So we have the sacrifice of bulls in an elaborate ceremony as part of the original description of Atlantis. And we have bull vaulting frescos from Crete which help support the theorists who claim Thera/Crete as the site of Atlantis.

And they claim there were no bulls in South America so it could not have been Atlantis.

But there is a ceremony of animal sacrifice which is traditional in the Andes. It has been for thousands of years and it continues to this very day. It is the sacrifice of llamas and we can safely say, that no word for "llama" existed in either the ancient Egyptian language or in the ancient Greek language, so the word "bull" was substituted instead.

palace of Sargon deer
this illustration of the Assyrian palace of Sargon shows pet deer roaming around.

After all, these animals roamed freely aound the precincts of the royal palace, and considering that there probably were women and children also in the palace precincts, would you really allow great crashing and dangerous animals like bulls to run around wild, or would you rather have tame and docile pets such as llamas instead?

So the animals which were sacrificed were probably llamas, since this is common practice on the Altiplano as was drinking a mixture of the llama's blood from golden goblets in ancient rituals and even today offerings are thrown into the sacred fire as offerings to the gods…

llama sacrifice
llama sacrifice

“When therefore, after slaying the bull in the accustomed manner, they had burnt its limbs, they filled a bowl of wine and cast in a clot of blood for each of them; the rest of the victim they put in the fire, after having purified the column all round. Then they drew from the bowl in golden cups and pouring a libation on the fire, they swore that they would judge according to the laws on the pillar,”

inti raimi
Inti Raimi, drinking from golden goblets, sacred fire, llama sacrifice on youtube

susa bull drinking    susa bull capital    susa bull beaker
The bull was also a symbol of the Persian Empire - could this have influenced Plato's choice of words?
above, left, Susa bull 3100-2900BC, centre, Persian bulls capital, right Susa bulls beaker 11-12th century BC,
see also page tracking down the army and navy of Atlantis

sailing to atlantis